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从《鼠疫》中的“荒诞”反观中国“人类命运共同体”思想的人文价值

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  Abstract:The Plague is an existentialist work written by the French existentialist master Albert Camus. It expresses the author's reflection and understanding of the existence and development of human beings in the absurd world. In the face of the COVID-19 epidemic raging around the world,China's idea of "a community with a shared future for mankind" is a powerful explanation of the truth:only the collective spirit can lead the anti-COVID-19 campaign of all countries to the ultimate victory. In the face of major epidemics and disasters,it is all the more important for mankind to build a sense of "a community with a shared future for mankind",truly realizing the beautiful vision of sharing a common destiny and building a harmonious home of the human world.
  Key words:The Plague;Absurdity;A community of shared future for mankind;Humanistic Value
  I. Introduction
  "The Plague" is an existential work created by the French existentialist,Albert Camus,in 1947. The novel tells about the various situations of the small town Oran under the plague invaded by the quarantine after the plague. The process of various people such as Tharu fighting against the plague expressed the author's reflection and understanding of the state of human existence and development in the absurd world.
  Literally,the word "absurd" means "unreasonable and conventional;incongruous,unreasonable,and illogical"[1]45. In existential philosophy,the term "absurdity" is used to describe an irrational survival situation commonly faced by modern people:being thrown into an absurd world that lacks beliefs,violates conventions,and is illogical,and has nowhere to escape. As a result,the behavior has become nihilistic. How to face the absurdity and exist in absurdity becomes the only thing he can do. Such absurd behaviors in turn aggravate the existence of absurdity in the human world.
  It is through The Plague that Camus implies such a universal feeling of human destiny:the absurdity of human society,,and the "absurdity" is derived from the depression,emptiness and even despair of human experience. When creating The Plague,Camus wrote in his "Notes":"I tried to use the plague to express the suffocation we suffered and the threatened and exiled environment we experienced. At the same time,I also want to put this expression to the overall concept of survival. The Plague will describe the images of those who have experienced thought,silence,and mental pain during the war."

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